The name “Canada” comes from a native word which means village. Canada’s population is over 36.5 million consisting of people from more than 200 ethnic groups. Around 5% of the population are indigenous.
Canada’s geography varies widely including forests, mountains, treeless prairies, northern tundra, and rugged coastline. By land mass Canada is the second largest country in the world with a total area of 9.9 million sq. km. Canada is bordered by three oceans, the:
- Pacific in the west
- Atlantic in the east
- the Arctic Ocean to the north.
Our southern border is the United States of America. There are more lakes in Canada than in all the rest of the world put together. More than 500 lakes are larger than 100 square kilometres.
There are four distinct seasons: spring, summer, autumn (fall) and winter. The conference is during the summer. The average daytime temperature in August is 23 degrees Celsius (75 F). Because Edmonton is a northern city, the temperature drops once the sun goes down. The night time average temperature in August is 12 degrees Celsius (54 F).
Canada has 10 provinces and three territories
- Atlantic Provinces:
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- Prince Edward Island
- Nova Scotia
- New Brunswick
- Central Canada
- Prairie Provinces:
- West Coast:
- British Columbia
- Northwest Territories
- Yukon Territory
Introduction to Canada video (2015)